South African Law


Accord on Afrikaner Independence

On 23 April 1994 an accord, which specifically dealt with self-determination of the Afrikaner people, was signed by

  1. the Freedom Front (represented by General Constand Viljoen),
  2. the ANC (represented by Thabo Mbeki),
  3. the South African government and the National Party (represented by Roelf Meyer).
This accord became the foundation for Article 235 of the Constitution of South Africa.


Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996

The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa guarantees Independence in Article 235

"The South African nation’s right to independence as a whole, as embodied in this Constitution, does not deny, within the framework of the law, the acknowledgement of the concept of right of any community that shares a common culture and language heritage, to self-determination within a territorial ethnicity in the Republic or in any other terms, as determined by national legislation."

This Article is very clear on the right to self-determination which is not only guaranteed for the South African nation as a whole, but also for any community that shares a common cultural and language identity. This makes provision for self-determination within South Africa by the clause "within a territorial ethnicity in the Republic" as well as for Secession with the clause "or in any other terms".


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